Foreign Policy

Relations with India

The foreign relations with India were marred by Pulwama attack in Jammu and Kashmir in which 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel were killed on 14 February 2019.  The responsibility was taken by Pakistan based Jaish-e-Mohammed. The dispute erupted into a conflict when Indian and Pakistani warplanes engaged in aerial duels over Azad Kashmir on Feb 27 2019, Pakistan downed the plane and captured the pilot named ‘Abhinandan’.

The conflict spiralled out of control between two nuclear states and at one time India threatened to fire six missiles at Pakistan and Pakistan said it would reply with thrice of that amount.  US played a role in deescalating the tension because it realized how dangerous the situation could get. US efforts were focused on securing the quick release of the Indian pilot by Pakistan. China and United Arab Emirates (UAE) also intervened to decalate the tension.

Syed Riffat Hussain, Member Foreign Policy Advisory Council elaborates the situation of foreign policy of Pakistan at the moment.

Promises

1.Peaceful relations with other countries.

2.Establish a policy coordination cell within the PM office to coordinate inputs from key national stakeholders and Ministries into the foreign policy, for informed decision-making. External policy cannot run on parallel official tracks.

Syed Riffat Hussain, Member Foreign Policy Advisory Council, talks about the advisory committee and advisory council.

3.PTI said that it will work on a blueprint towards resolving the Kashmir issue within the parameters of UNSC resolutions. For lasting peace within our own region, especially with our neighbour India, conflict resolution and the security route to cooperation is the most viable.

Dr Tughral Yamin, Associate Dean, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, NUST talks about how strong is Pakistan’s foreign policy at the moment.

Progress

24 October 2018

Dr Tughral Yamin, Associate Dean, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, NUST talks about the relations between India and Pakistan.

A set of proposals were laid down to resolve the Kashmir issue by the Minster of Human Rights Dr Shireen Mazari. She said that Pakistan should ask United Nations to document all the Kashmiris who qualified to vote in the referendum based on the UN resolutions. Further she said that Pakistan should take concrete steps to solve the issue as this would expose the weakness of Indian position and will lead to reaffirm the right of Kashmiris self determination.

18 February 2019

Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman visit to Pakistan laid the foundation in Pakistan-Saudi relationship and collaboration in the field of economics, investment, trade, defence, security and cultural aspects. Investment and trade relations received high priority during the visit as demonstrated by the Saudi announcement of investments $ 20 billion. The visit was also marked by the release of 2107 Pakistanis prisoners in Saudi Arabia on the request PM Imran Khan.

Syed Riffat Hussain, Member Foreign Policy Advisory Council, explains the importance of having a foreign minister.

23 February 2019

In light of the recent tension between Pakistan and India, FM Qureshi met former foreign secretaries and envoys to formulate a strategy to navigate developments in the foreign affairs department. On the diplomatic front, the foreign ministry has established a crisis management cell and the foreign minister has spoken to his counterparts in various countries, besides writing a letter to the United Nations to resolve the tension. The foreign minister also made a telephone call to European Union Representative for Foreign Relations and Security Policy Federica Mogherini. Federica Mogherini assured to provide full cooperation to overcome this tense between Pakistan and India.

26 February 2019

PM Imran Khan addressed the nation amidst the war speculations. He said that Pakistan has offered peace to India and Paksitan understands the pain of lost lives in Pulwama attack as we have lost millions in war against terror. He said that war was not a solution as all wars are miscalculated and no one knows where they lead to.

1 March 2019

Indian Air Force (IAF) Wing Commander Abhinandan who was captured by Pakistan after his MiG 21 Bison aircraft was shot down by a Pakistan Air Force (PAF) jet —was handed over in a gesture of peace to India at the Wagah border. PM Imran Khan had announced that Pakistan desires for peace and as a first step to negotiations, Pakistan will release the captured pilot. The gesture was welcomed in the parliament and also in civil societies.

PTI’ s Parliamentary Secretary on Foreign Affairs Andleeb Abbas said that the government focusing on trade to improve diplomatic relations with other countries. The recent investments by Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates (UAE) have brought Pakistan on the right economic path.  She further said the government is working on economic, religious and cultural diplomacy to make the international community aware of Pakistan’s sacrifices in the war on terror for regional and global peace.

22 March 2019

In a positive development after the India-Pakistan recent conflict, leaders of the two countries exchanged messages on the eve of Pakistan Day. Prime Minister Imran Khan said he had received a message from Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in which the latter extended “greetings & best wishes to the people of Pakistan on the National Day of Pakistan”. PM Khan said that he welcomes the message and it is time to begin a dialogue to solve issues.

Dr Tughral Yamin, Associate Dean, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, NUST talks about the current government’s foreign policy.

23 March 2019

Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said that instead of unwarranted criticism the regional countries should develop cooperative approaches to counter the scourge of terrorism as it was a global problem and required concerted efforts of the international community to counter it. He further said that Pakistan and China are both committed to peace and development in China. Pakistan supports China’s call for restraint and stabilize the situation in the region during the recent Pakistan-India conflict.

Syed Riffat Hussain, Member Foreign Policy Advisory Council, gives recommendations to the PTI government to improve the current foreign policy of Pakistan.
Dr Tughral Yamin, Associate Dean, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, NUST gives some recommendations to improve current foreign policy.

24 March 2019

Japan Ambassador to Pakistan Kuninori Matsuda said Japan desires stronger economic relationship between the two countries and is keen to help build Pakistan’s export base to meet economic challenges. He said that Japan wants greater involvement of the public and private sector for the mutual benefit of both the countries.